Electric Vehicle Resources

With so many resources, case studies, and documents available on electric vehicles, the Climate Mayors team has assembled some of the most relevant references that directly apply to municipal fleet electrification to help fleet managers, procurement staff, and sustainability/policy team members from the mayor’s office.

Procurement Types

Cooperative procurement is a competitive selection process enabled by aggregating the demand various government organizations face. This process can leverage the aggregated buying power of organizations spread across many jurisdictions, retains the competitive selection process, and reduces the personnel burdens on issuing one’s own RFP. When using cooperative procurement, one governmental agency would use a contract issued by another to have access to the same vehicles and pricing. In this program, Sourcewell Cooperative functions as the central organization and has facilitated competitive solicitations, reviewed bids, and awarded contracts. This mechanism has the added benefit of providing fleets with multiple vendors to choose from to ensure each fleet gets a product and an experience that fits their needs.

Traditionally, most municipal fleets purchase vehicles outright through a variety of mechanisms. This typically includes issuance of their own Request for Proposal (RFP) and then awards direct contracts with particular vendors. This program offers a purchasing option through Sourcewell via National Auto Fleet Group.

Fleet leasing with management services are available from a variety of companies offering numerous lease structures/lengths. These leases may or may not also include things like maintenance, fuel, and other services. Leasing can also include the opportunity to take advantage of additional savings on EVs available through monetizing tax credits and passing those savings onto the lessee. Leasing options will be available through Sourcewell via Enterprise and D&M Leasing.

Fleets can finance fleet vehicles more like they would a personal vehicle. This would constitute a leasing option that would provide vehicles without the additional fleet management services. Leasing can also include the opportunity to take advantage of additional savings on EVs available through monetizing tax credits and passing those savings onto the lessee. Financing options are available through Sourcewell via NCL Government Capital.

  • To achieve the full benefit and potential of EVs, it is critical to ensure that they are placed into successful use cases. The best-case scenario for EVs is one that maximizes economic benefits, minimizes GHG emissions, and eliminates operational impact. Understanding the precise scenarios to enable this within your fleet will help ensure a successful integration of EV technology.
  • Analytics resources available to participating cities center around the use of telematics data to make data-driven recommendations for EV adoption and the installation of charging infrastructure to power those vehicles. Telematics data enables a granular picture of each vehicle’s individual operational profile such that recommendations are tailored to each vehicle and then aggregated across a fleet.
  • Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC) Vehicle Cost Calculator

Charging 101

Plug-in electric vehicles can be charged using standard outlets (110V), which is called Level 1 charging. They can also be charged at Level 2 stations (240V), or at DC Fast Charge stations (480V). Level 1 charging will charge a vehicle completely in 8 to 17 hours, depending on the size of the battery in the vehicle. At a Level 2 station, most vehicles will be fully charged in 4 to 10 hours. High energy consuming appliances, such as clothes dryers, use outlets with this voltage. Finally, in order to make charging while away from home quick and convenient, even faster charging stations are being installed in some locations: Level 3 (or DC Fast Charge) stations. DC Fast Chargers can charge a fully depleted Nissan LEAF to 80 percent capacity in 15 to 30 minutes.

View Charging Stations Contract Documentation on the Contract Documents page.

Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC) Alternative Fueling Station Locator

Current State of the EV Market

Battery electric vehicle (BEV) sales improved 114 percent y/y in Q3, boosted dramatically by Tesla (+163 percent growth, quarter-over-quarter [q/q]). Despite the woes of CEO Elon Musk, Tesla met its Model 3 quarterly production goals and outstripped its competitors by a long shot (Inside EVs, 10/2). Sales of the Model 3 sedan reached roughly 22,250 units in September, representing almost two-thirds of sales in the BEV segment (Bloomberg Model 3 Tracker, 4/11).

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) sales fell roughly 6 percent q/q to 29,373 but were still up 29 percent y/y. Sales of the Ford Fusion Energi and C-MAX Energy continued q/q declines and accounted for most of the decrease in the PHEV segment. Ford has nevertheless announced plans of a big $11 billion EV push starting in 2020 with an all-electric performance SUV crossover now codenamed the “Mach 1” (The Verge, 9/9).

Key EV Trends as of October 2018:

  • The top five best-selling models are the Tesla
    Models 3, S, and X, the Toyota Prius, and the Chevy Volt.
  • Automakers sold 110,000 EVs, up 95 percent y/y (29,373
    PHEVs and 80,628 BEVs).
  • 46 EV advanced fuel vehicle models were available to consumers, including 28
    PHEVs, 15 EVs, and three fuel cell vehicles (FCV).